Terms and topics to know for Linus Torvalds and Richard Stallman Section.


  • It is a machine for manipulating data according to a list of instructions.

Computer software

  • It consists of programs, enables a computer to perform specific tasks.


Computer hardware

  • It is the physical part of a computer, including the digital circuitry.

People ware

  • They are computer users.


  • It is a worldwide, publicly accessible network of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using the standard Internet Protocol (IP). It is a “network of networks”.

Open source

  • It is a set of principles and practices that promote access to the design and production of goods and knowledge. The term is most commonly applied to the source code of software that is available to the general public with relaxed or non-existent intellectual property restrictions. This allows users to create software content through incremental individual effort or through collaboration.


Web browser

  • It is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. A very good example of this is the Mozilla Firefox.

Web page or webpage

  • It is a resource of information that is suitable for the World Wide Web and can be accessed through a web browser. This information is usually in HTML or XHTML format, and may provide navigation to other web pages via hypertext links.


  • (often referred to as simply a link), It is a reference or navigation element in a document to another section of the same document, another document, or a specified section of another document, that automatically brings the referred information to the user when the navigation element is selected by the user.


  • It may be raw (unprocessed) numbers, characters, images or other outputs from devices to convert physical quantities into symbols, in a very broad sense.


  • It is the result of processing, manipulating and organizing data in a way that adds to the knowledge of the receiver. In other words, it is the context in which data is taken. Also called “processed data”.

William Henry Gates III known as Bill Gates

  • He is the co-founder of Microsoft Corporation (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur, philanthropist, and chairman of Microsoft, the software company he founded with Paul Allen. During his career at Microsoft he has held the positions of CEO and chief software architect, and he remains the largest individual shareholder with more than 8% of the common stock.

Richard Stallman

  • In 1985, he published the GNU Manifesto, which outlined his motivation for creating a free operating system called GNU, which would be compatible with Unix. The name GNU is a recursive acronym for GNU’s Not Unix.

Linus Benedict Torvalds

  • born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland, is a Finnish software engineer best known for initiating the development of the Linux kernel. He now acts as the project’s coordinator.

Operating System (OS)

  • It is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer.


  • It is a Unix-like computer operating system. It is one of the most prominent examples of free software and open source development; its underlying source code can be freely modified, used, and redistributed by anyone.


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Steven Paul Jobs

  • (born February 24, 1955) is the co-founder and CEO of Apple and was the CEO of Pixar until its acquisition by Disney.


(Wireless Fidelity)


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